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Pictures of Turkey, 1957-1959

Jimmy Carter

2003-2011 by Author

Sadly, Jimmy "Jimbo" Carter passed away on the morning of February 26, 2000. Prior to that, he sent us this photo essay - a fine memory from this wonderful gentleman - which contains many photographs.

"Hey, it helped kill time and only cost a couple of dollars" said Jimmie in reference to the Baglama - a Turkish stringed instrument he's holding in the photo, and he continued, "I Have a wooden flute that cost 25-cents. Better than both, I bought a chromed break-open .32 revolver (a crude copy of a "Smith & Wesson circa l880-1910" model), probably made in a mud hut in Pakistan. Also, I have a British .455 Webley break-open revolver, with the name R. J. Jones engraved down the grip's backstrap. Plus, an old blackpowder Belgian heavy-as-lead revolver, approximately .45 caliber.

I packed them all in my duffle bag, sent them off as hold baggage to my next duty station in Pennsylvania and they were right where I packed them when I claimed my bag months later. In civilian life after the Air Force, all these firearms were traded-off and are long-gone history."


Click any photo to view enlargement.

TUSLOG DET 30
AT THE END OF THE FIFTIES



                    

Det 30 TUSLOG  was in the center of Ankara, railroad tracks on a high embankment directly behind.  To the left of HQ was the garage/vehicle dispatch area, called the "car barn".  The APO was directly behind.  To the right, was the commisary/exchange-snack bar.


                    

The billets opened two weeks before I arrived in Ankara. It was two blocks east of the U. S. embassy, in the southern end of town. Shown is an exterior view, plus an interior view of our bay.  The bottom floor was the chow hall, with three floors of billets bays above. Directly behind was a similar building, back to back, which housed Army, Navy, and in-transit servicemen.  Headquarters TUSLOG was one block up the street, and one block over from HQ  (uphill) was the hospital, which I think was Det. 37.  Behind the U.S. embassy was Finance. The NCO Club was also west, between the billets and downtown.  Shuttle buses ran hourly between all of the scattered facilities, or, you could hail a "taksi."


                    

The USAF side of Esenboga International Airport consisted of three Quonset huts and one sheet-metal Butler freight building (which also contained the parachute section, aircraft maintenance, forklifts, etc.).  Originally, the first hut had  Air Freight/Passenger in the front, base ops in the center, and the wireless radio room in the rear.  The middle hut had the flightline snack bar, run by Mom Hess with an iron fist.  We often asked her if Adolph Hitler was her brother ?!  It only operated Monday thru Friday.  I'd rap on the counter during lunch break, yelling "vodka...vodka !!".   Mom Hess would reply:  "Nein, nein...kindermilch !!" Kid's milk, indeed...... The third hut had the transit alert/follow-me office in front, aircraft parts in the center, and a shower/ready room with lockers in the rear, where pilots and aircrewmen stashed their flight gear.  When things got kinda hairy during the Beruit thing, we smuggled in and hid ten cases containing ten M1 Carbines each,  plus crates of .30 Carbine ammo, in the center "parts" section of the third hut, covering them with canvas and greasy parts.  Only the flightline crew knew of their existance, and, we were told if Russia intervened and warfare broke out, we were to join up with the Turk garrison just outside the rear road entry into Esenboga. It never came to that, or anything like it.  Whew!!



                    

Two interior shots of base ops when it was located in the middle of the first hut.  Maps were joined together.  Using Ankara as the center, a  weighted string was used to trace the flight routes between cities, then stretched out on a milage scale to determine total air miles.  Between the ops counter and this map-covered wall was a large table, with pigeon holes containing maps underneath.  Here the pilots worked up their DD-175 Flight Plans.  We had a phone over  to the terminal side, such as the tower, weather, customs, etc.  The wireless radio room handled traffic in and out of Turkey per Athens Flight Service Center.  We always kept the spare radio set tuned to Radio Moscow's English language channel, hearing the latest American pop music six months before the records showed up at the PX to purchase !  They also, of course, reported the U-2 flights from Turkey.  Plus the never-ending "five year plans" re cotton production, ad finim.  Occasionally, they'd throw in a "have a great trip home" message concerning some serviceman about to return home from Turkey, giving name and new duty station assignment.!!  At first this was quite startling, but Russia was number one in the spy business in Turkey and we learned to accept this as a fact of life.



                    

General photos of buildings  and statues in downtown area of  Ankara, mostly taken out the window of a moving USAF shuttle bus, as it made its rounds from facility to facility.  Most building had "malls" on the first floor, containing everthing one needed, from rugs, jewelry, photo-developing, clothing, to travel tickets.  The next two levels had offices for rent.  The top floors were apartments for rent.



                    

Building after building used this same basic format.  Also, some mall-stalls had windows and seperate entrances directly off the sidewalks, which I'm sure commanded a premium rental fee.  One thing we learned fast was:  WEAR CIVILIAN CLOTHES !!  The streets were full of Turk askeris, who saluted anything with two or more stripes plus officers, of course.   If in Class-A USAF uniforms, not only would we have to salute hundreds of Turk officers, but return a thousand salute from the common Turk askeris!!   No thanks!!   In addition, the police who directed traffic were assisted by Turk Army M.P.'s, wearing white helmets with a broad red stripe, arm bands, white gloves, and white web-belts.  Evidently the Turkish Military believed in getting their full usage out of their enlisted personnel.   We called upon the Turk garrison just outside our entrance into Esenboga to guard over-night airplanes containing classified material, and they did their duty in gawd-awful weather, especially in the winter time.  Tough bunch, those askeris ......



                    

An "Ol' Shakey" unloading mail at Esenboga.  PanAm mail-hauler strike in Italy forced the USAF into the  mail-hauling business.  Special MATS project bringing in all-weather radardome sections for Sinop, Samsun, and Trabson sites saw both C-124s and C-130s coming into Esenboga.  C-119s and TAF C-47s shuttled the loads north to the Black Sea radar sites. Got so far behind at one point, we had to contract with Turk trucking firms to haul some of the stuff, traveling together over the rough gravel/dirt roads "convoy style."  The C-124 was a marvel to behold upon landing:  Touch-down, reverse the props, put on engine power, slow down and turn in at the runway's mid-point.  We witnessed this hundreds of times, a giant plane stopping in such a short distance !!



                    

Left photo, looking to the right:  Turks had the street torn up for two months, installing a water line and new sidewalks.  We had to walk the slippery board across a ditch, then down the cement steps to ground level, either to the first floor chow hall, or, to either side to ascend to the billets areas above.
    Right photo:  looking to the left, at apartment buildings across the street.  You would not believe the curtains-open "entertainment" a girl by the name of "Crazy Mary" put on occasionally for all our benefits.....was hard to find a place out on the balcony for the freebie show.  And, I do mean SHOW !!



One of two Army L-20s, used for ferrying mail and personnel to and from the radar site at Sinop, on the Black Sea Coast.  The Army L-20s had dual controls, while our USAF models had a swing-over wheel, mounted on a center upright column.  In other words, either the Air Force pilot sitting on the left had the steering wheel on his side OR the right front seat passenger had the steering wheel over on his side !!!   Also, in either model, Army or Air Force, one wore a backpack parachute, which fitted into the hollow, shaped metal shell that formed the seat's back rest.   Lt. Murray was a history freak and we flew up north and then east to overfly Hittite ruins on several occasions.  The second time we flew everything went smoothly until we were returning home, about 20 minutes out from Esenboga.  Overcast skies all of a sudden, staying at 9,000 feet so as not to hit any mountains.  Lt. Murray went over the bale-out routine:  Pull the door release at the front door hinge, shearing the copper safety wires, open the door and shove it away from the airplane, unfasten the shoulder straps and seat belt.....AND,  "If I say go, don't look over here and ask "what did you say?" because you will be talking to YOURSELF.!!!   Just as suddenly, the good Lt. Murray stood the L-20 on its left wing, over we went through a tiny opening in the clouds and ----holy Moses---in all its glory was Esenboga awaiting our final approach.  Never did a concrete runway look so damned pretty !!   We mutually agreed to keep mum about our "maybe" over-the-side close call.  Lt. Murray started his career as an enlisted man, asked for and got a shot at becoming an Officer and pilot, and was an easy-going down-to-earth fine human being .  He was my all-time favorite pilot, bar none.




AFEX Receipt


Orders dated  26 May 58, confirming flight to Athens on May llth. (Just a plain-jane R &R flight to enjoy the sights, the beer, the women.)



                    

Capt. Harlan sacked out under the C-47's wing, enjoyed the shade, some Greek orange juice....the rest of us hailed a cab and hit several beer joints and hit-on the local female bar-floozies.  I still have a Greek beer bottle lable somewhere in my stuff that I peeled off.  Poor Capt. Harlan, happily married, so no broads.  He was "driving" the C-47, so no beer or booze.  Great guy, was born in North Carolina, same as myself.  We talked about the good ol' picking cotton under a blazing sky growing-up days of our youth on more than one occasion, agreeing that Air Force life was veryyyy much better!



MATS napkin, showing the air routes/miles of the MATS ATLANTIC DIVISION.    These were passed out with the meals served aboard the C-121 "Connies" carrying military personnel and their dependents.  I just happened to save one.  Good show, eh ?!



Mats boarding passes



Our C-54. Primarily flown by upper-crust Lt. Col.'s and above, a definite "my toy is bigger than your toy" mentality!!   One Capt. Pangello, in charge of the intown "car barn" garage/vehicle dispatch section, made the boo-boo of calling this C-54 HIS plane.  He shortly thereafter received orders for Thule, Greenland.  His ass-kissing NCO spent the rest of his tour in a tiny unheated shack out at Esenboga's salvage yard !!  Oh, gawd... how the flightline crew loved the justice of it all !!!!    The C-54 and our one C-47 No. 49700 both featured the "bandit" raccoon dark blue band around the cockpit windows, extending back along the side for some distance.  Within a large circle, each side, was the TUSLOG "Flying Horse" emblem.  Quite sharp and damn fine artwork by someone unknown.  Sadly, ol' 49700 was released from Det. 30 and flown to Tripoli, Libya.  There, long-range rubber fuel tanks were to be placed in the cargo section and she was destined for the U.S., for parts-salvage and the smelting works.  When I left Turkey, 49700 was sitting at Tripoli awaiting her fate.  I received permission to vist her one last time.  I stood there and cried like a baby, and I'm not ashamed to admit it.  Alas, fifteen years of hard usage had caught up to her.  A cracked wing spar, etc., shortened her Air Force career.  Such is the way of life on earth, animal or material.  Truely, still a sad memory for me to this day.



Orders sending me to Turkey